Smart water is the solution smart cities have been working on to control and prevent the waste of water. Water conservation is necessary for smart cities to exist and function efficiently. Smart water solutions are growing as they give consumers the ability to easily monitor their water consumption and provide useful information to the public.
Water loss management is becoming increasingly important as supplies are stressed by population growth or water scarcity. Many regions are experiencing record droughts, and, others are depleting aquifers faster than they are being replenished.
Countries in arid and semi-arid regions including those of the Mediterranean water scarcity and water stress are among the dominant crucial problems, seriously affecting any type of development.
Many of those countries are exposed to both economic and physical water security. Institutional constraints, aging infrastructure, lack of investment, poor data and lack of quality services are just some key challenges that the water sector faces.
Smart Water Management solutions seek to alleviate challenges in the water sector by promoting the development and management of Information and Communication Technology products, solutions and systems to maximize economic and social welfare without compromising the sustainability of water as a resource of the environment.
Smart Water Solution
A smart water system is designed to gather meaningful and actionable data about the flow, pressure and distribution of a city’s water. The goal is to know what is the accurate consumption and forecasting of water use.
A smart water solution has 5 components
- Physical Component
Pipe / Pumps / Reservoirs / Valves.
- Sensor Component
These are the devices that contain the sensors to capture the data (e.g. water quality, temperature, pressure, consumption, etc.).
- Collection and Communication
Data collected from the sensors and transmitted to the information systems via the network infrastructure.
- Data Management and Display
Data processing and presentation of the data collected.
- Data Analysis
Analytics tools ‘slice and dice’ the data to generate dashboards for the decision-making process and consumer notifications.
The goal of a smart water solution is to increase the efficiency and reliability of the physical component by measuring, collecting and analyzing the data and supporting appropriate actions for different events captured by the sensor.
Smart Water Examples
One of the largest pilot programs of smart meters and related water management software platforms is in San Francisco. Water consumption is measured hourly and data is transmitted on a wireless basis to the utility four times a day.
A pilot program in the East Bay Municipal Water District, targeting single-family homes, provides a daily, hour-by-hour, consumption update via a website. Consumers can be alerted, when water use exceeds a specified limit or when a meter indicates continuous running water for 24 hours via email or phone call.
A smart water solution can’t make rain or snow or fix leaky water pipes but it can reduce water shortages by providing actionable information to help usage be more efficient and less wasteful.
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